Trademarks and Copyrights

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Trademarks and Copyrights

Certain names, words, titles, phrases, logos, icons, graphics or designs, or other content on the Websites, are trademarks or trade names owned by Royal Bank of Canada (“Royal Bank”) or its subsidiaries. Subsidiaries of Royal Bank are licensed to use the trademarks owned by Royal Bank.

Many of the trademarks displayed on the Websites are distinguished from one another and accompanied, at first use, with the appropriate trademark symbol: ® / ™ / ‡. When the trademark symbol ® is used, it refers to a registered trademark of Royal Bank. All other trademarks of Royal Bank are marked with the ™ symbol. Whenever the ‡ symbol is used, it denotes a trademark which is the property of its respective owner. Alternate symbols such as ** or † may have also been used to denote a trademark which is the property of its respective owner.

Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, trademarks owned by Royal Bank include the following: LION & GLOBE Design, ROYAL, ROYAL BANK, RBC, ROYAL BANK OF CANADA, RBC DOMINION SECURITIES, RBC CAPITAL MARKETS, RBC FINANCIAL GROUP and other trademarks including those comprised of "RBC" or "ROYAL". ROYAL BANK and RBC are registered trademarks of Royal Bank.

Nothing on these Websites shall be construed as conferring any licence of any intellectual property rights, whether by estoppel, implication or otherwise. The Information is for your personal use, provided such use includes a reference to the respective copyright and/or trademark notice or attribution as denoted on the pages copied. Except when otherwise stipulated, the Information may not otherwise be copied, displayed, distributed, downloaded, licensed, modified, published, reposted, reproduced, reused, sold, transmitted, used to create a derivative work or otherwise used for public or commercial purposes without the express written permission of an RBC Company. The Information is protected under the copyright laws of Canada and other countries. Any unauthorized downloading, re-transmission, or other copying or modification of trademarks and/or the contents of the Websites may be a violation of federal or other law that may apply to trademarks and/or copyrights, and such actions could subject the copier to legal action.


This website and all of its content is made available by RBC Capital Markets (a business brand name under which Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) and its subsidiaries trade) for its institutional clients only. The content on this website is prepared for general circulation, does not constitute research, and does not have regard to the particular circumstances or needs of any specific person who may read it. The information contained in all reports, articles and publications posted on this site has been compiled from sources believed to be reliable, but no representation or warranty, express or implied, is made by RBC Capital Markets or any other person as to its accuracy, completeness or correctness. All opinions and estimates (if any) contained in any reports, articles and publications on this site constitute RBC Capital Markets' judgment as of the date of this report, are subject to change without notice and are provided in good faith but without legal responsibility. Neither the information provided nor any opinion expressed constitute an offer to sell or a solicitation of an offer to buy any securities, investments or other property, nor should it be construed as such in any jurisdiction where such an offer or solicitation would be illegal. Neither RBC nor any of its affiliates, nor any other person, accepts any liability whatsoever for any direct or consequential loss arising from any use of any information contained in any reports, articles or publications contained herein. The content on this site may not be reproduced, distributed or published by any recipient hereof for any purpose.

RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group - Disclaimer

Information from this www site regarding services and products of RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group Realty Corp. is intended for use only in jurisdictions where such services or products may lawfully be offered for use and/or for sale and neither use or sale is intended where prohibited by law. Canadian laws only apply to this www site and to the use of this www site by any user, notwithstanding the domicile, residence or physical location of the user.

Links in this www site to other sites or references to products, services or publications other than those of RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group Realty Corp. or its subsidiaries and affiliates should not be construed as an endorsement or approval of such sites, products, services or publications by RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group Realty Corp. or its subsidiaries and affiliates.

All products and services of RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group Realty Corp. and it subsidiaries and affiliates are subject to the terms of any agreement by which they are normally made commercially available. Information in this web site does not constitute an offer to sell products or services of RBC Capital Markets Real Estate Group Realty Corp. and its subsidiaries and affiliates or mutual funds normally distributed by them.

Legal Name and Brand Name

RBC Dominion Securities Inc. is a legal entity name. RBC Capital Markets is a trademark brand name under which different legal entities provide different services under this umbrella brand. Foreign exchange, equity derivatives, credit derivatives, fixed income derivatives, financial engineering and some commodities products and services are being offered by RBC and not RBC DS.


This www site is not a secure medium for electronic communications. Any confidential, proprietary or sensitive information transmitted by a user by means of this www site may be read and/or copied by unauthorized persons.